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When used in this chapter, the following words and phrases shall have the meanings ascribed to them below. Words and phrases not specifically defined below shall have the meanings ascribed to them elsewhere in this Code, or shall otherwise be defined by common usage. For definitions of nouns, the singular shall also include the plural; for definitions of verbs, all verb conjugations shall be included. Any reference to State laws, including references to any California statutes or regulations, is deemed to include any successor or amended version of the referenced statute or regulations promulgated thereunder consistent with the terms of this chapter.

Administrative Regulations” means regulations that implement this chapter authorized by the City Manager pursuant to Section 9.65.020.

Bad Faith” or “in Bad Faith” means with the intent to vex, annoy, harass, coerce, defraud, provoke or injure another person. This includes the intent of an Owner to induce a Tenant to vacate a Residential Rental Unit through unlawful conduct.

City” means the City of Chula Vista.

City Attorney” means the City Attorney of the City of Chula Vista, or their designee.

City Manager” means the City Manager of the City of Chula Vista, or their designee.

County” means the County of San Diego.

Disabled” means an individual with a disability, as defined in California Government Code Section 12955.3.

Elderly” means an individual 62 years old or older.

Enforcement Officer” means the Director of Development Services, a Code Enforcement Manager, any Code Enforcement Officer, the Building Official, any sworn Officer of the Police Department, the Fire Chief, the Fire Marshal, or any other City Department head (to the extent responsible for enforcing provisions of this code), their respective designees, or any other City employee designated by the City Manager to enforce this chapter.

Family Member” means the spouse, domestic partner, children, grandchildren, parents or grandparents of the residential unit Owner.

Housing Service” means services provided by the Owner to the Tenant in connection with the use and occupancy of a Residential Rental Unit, either pursuant to contract or as required by law, including repairs, maintenance, and painting; providing light, heat, hot and cold water; window shades and screens; storage; kitchen, bath, and laundry facilities and privileges; janitor services; pest control; elevator service; access to exterior doors, entry systems, and gates; utility charges that are paid by the Owner; refuse removal; furnishings; parking; the right to have a specified number of occupants, and any other benefit, privilege, or facility connected with the use or occupancy of any Residential Rental Unit. Housing Services also includes the proportionate part of services provided to common facilities of the building in which the Residential Rental Unit is located.

Owner” (including the term “Landlord”) means any Person, acting as principal or through an agent, having the right to offer a Residential Rental Unit for rent. As the context may require, “Owner” shall also include a predecessor in interest to the Owner.

Person” means any individual, firm, partnership, joint venture, association, social club, fraternal organization, joint stock company, corporation, estate, trust, business trust, receiver, trustee, syndicate, or any other group or combination acting as a unit.

Residential Rental Complex” means one or more buildings, located on a single lot, contiguous lots, or lots separated only by a street or alley, containing three or more Residential Rental Units rented or owned by the same Owner.

Residential Rental Unit” means any dwelling or unit that is intended for human habitation, including any dwelling or unit in a mobilehome park that is not a Mobilehome Residency Law (“MRL”) Tenancy defined by Civil Code Section 798.12 (or a tenancy governed by the MRL).

State” means the State of California.

Substantial Remodel” means improvements to a Residential Rental Unit meeting all of the following criteria:

1. Any structural, electrical, plumbing or mechanical system is being replaced or substantially modified; and

2. The cost of the improvements (excluding insurance proceeds, land costs, and architectural/engineering fees) is equal to or greater than $40.00 per square foot of the Residential Rental Unit; and

3. A permit is required from a governmental agency, or the abatement of hazardous materials, including lead-based paint, mold, or asbestos is required in accordance with applicable federal, State, County, or City laws and cannot be reasonably accomplished in a safe manner with the Tenant in place; and

4. It is necessary for the Residential Rental Unit to be vacant for more than 60 days in order to complete the improvements.

Cosmetic improvements alone, including, but not limited to, painting, decorating, flooring replacement, counter replacement, and minor repairs, or other work that can be performed safely without having the Residential Rental Unit vacated, do not constitute a Substantial Remodel.

Tenancy” means the lawful occupation of a Residential Rental Unit and includes a lease or sublease.

Tenant” means a tenant, subtenant, lessee, sublessee, resident manager, or any other individual entitled by written or oral agreement to the use or occupancy of any Residential Rental Unit. (Ord. 3527 § 2, 2022).